It’s the Liddell things that matter

Australia’s oldest coal-fired power plant Liddell retired completely in the last week of April 2023 after 52 years. This giant of AGL, which had a total registered capacity of 2,000 MW, operationally acted as a 1600MW station and 1200MW after the closure of its third unit. Australia’s transition to clean energy is in progress.

How did the NEM cope in the aftermath of such a large unit going offline? In this Chart of the Week, we look closer at what compensated for the void of Liddell in NSW, the trends in imports and electricity prices of NSW, and the impact on neighbouring states.

The green bar in the chart above indicates the gradual decrease in the energy from the Liddell power station from 23to 28 April. The fourth unit of Liddell (LD04) was closed on 24 April, supplying 1972 MWh during its last day. The closure of LD02 took place on 26 April, and LD01 on 28 April.

When the Liddell power station was decommissioned, we saw an increase in the output of other local generators and NSW’s imports. The blue stack in the chart shows Bayswater’s generation (which is close to Liddell) over Liddell’s closure week. Hydro generation also increased.

NSW’s daily import level has also increased over the last week as Queensland and Victoria increased output from their local power stations due to the increased flow through their interconnectors to NSW. The power stations in Queensland (Gladstone and Kogan Creek) only produced 33048 MWh/day on 23 April, which rose to 35869 MWh/day on 28 April. This almost shows an 8.5% increase in the total generation. Similarly, the power stations in Victoria(Yallourn W, Loy Yang B and Loy Yang A) generated a total of 84,662 MWh/day on 23 April. This has raised to 92209 MWh/day on 28 April, which shows an increase of 8.9% of overall generation from brown coal. Hence, the wholesale prices have increased in these states as well.

In conclusion, the state has managed the closure of Liddell with hydro generation and imports. However, considering the future coal retirements and NSW’s dependency on this generation type, further development in renewable energy and batteries is important for the state. Otherwise, the impact on the state and the neighbouring states may deteriorate when the upcoming closure of Eraring occurs in August 2025.

Nevertheless, programs such as the recently announced tenders for allocating Long-Term Energy Service Agreements (LTESAs) to new renewable and battery projects to support the energy transition in NSW are a good initiative, providing additional capacity to replace the upcoming coal retirements in the state.

Our Energy Market Perspective may be of interest for more information on price trends and energy balance figures. For more information on the energy market and power systems modelling or other services, please contact

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